Thermal Physics 

  Thermodynamics is a branch of physics which deals with the energy and work of a system. It was born in the 19th century as scientists were first discovering how to build and operate steam engines. Thermodynamics deals only with the large scale response of a system which we can observe and measure in experiments. Small scale gas interactions are described by the kinetic theory of gases. The methods complement each other; some principles are more easily understood in terms of thermodynamics and some principles are more easily explained by kinetic theory.

Vocabulary 

Thermal Energy 

Temperature 

Celsius 

Kelvin 

Thermal equilibrium 

Solid 

Liquid

Gas

Specific Heat 

Specific Heat Capacity 

Latent Heat 

Kinetic Gas Theory 

Mole 

Avogadro Number 

Pressure

Ideal Gas